The solution to your question “How many types of HDMI cables are there?” is classified into two categories in different ways. There are various types of HDMI cables. HDMI cables come in a variety of forms and are categorized in various ways. First, HDMI cables can be divided into categories based on the type of connector they use. Second, the performance or amount of data that HDMI cables can carry can be used to classify them.
There are 5 different types of HDMI cables in terms of connectors. On the other side, there are 4 different types of HDMI cables in terms of performance.
In the remainder of this article, I’ll attempt to describe what is HDMI cable, the various HDMI cable types and how they might be categorized.
What Is HDMI?
HDMI is an acronym for High-Definition Multimedia Interface, a protocol for concurrently sending digital video and audio from a source—like a computer or TV cable box—to a computer display, TV, or projector. Almost all televisions and computer monitors now support the interface, which was first designed by a consortium of electronics manufacturers. This cutting-edge format was created in the very early 2000s with the initial goal of enhancing the general usefulness and convenience of current standards for transmitting HDTV signals.
In many contemporary pieces of communications or entertainment devices, an HDMI connector serves as a crucial I/O (input-output) hardware component. The receiver or display can receive uncompressed digital signals from any compatible audio-video (A/V) source via an HDMI cable.
Through an HDMI connector and a single HDMI cord, the HDMI interface enables a port to transmit high-resolution digital video, theater-quality sound, and device commands. Each is built to handle a video resolution and features the HDMI specification.
There are three basic sizes of HDMI connectors:
What Are The Types Of HDMI Cables?
If you want to know about the various types of HDMI cables in terms of connector type and in terms of performance type, go through the below one.
HDMI Cable Types In Terms Of Connector Type
There are 5 different types of HDMI cables, according to connector type:
- Type-A (Standard HDMI cable)
- Type-B (Dual HDMI cable, not applied right now in any popular consumer goods)
- Type-C (Mini HDMI cable)
- Type-D (Micro HDMI cable)
- Type-E (the Automotive Connection System, designed primarily for usage inside of vehicles)
The various types of HDMI cables are depicted in the image below.
Now, Let’s examine them in more detail, one by one.
1. Type-A(Standard HDMI Cable)
This is the most widely used standard type connector and easily accessible of the five existing connector sizes is the prototypical “standard” version of HDMI that the majority of consumers would instantly recognize. They exist on nearly all brands of modern TVs, monitors, gaming consoles, and desktop computers, making them by far the most familiar of the several types of HDMI connectors to most users.
The size of an HDMI type A male connector is 13.9mm x 4.45mm, whereas the size of the corresponding female sockets is somewhat bigger at 14mm x 4.55mm. Similar to both the type C and D mini and micro variants of HDMI cables, type A is a 19-pin connector intended to transmit audio-video signals with a bandwidth ranging from standard definition (SDTV) to 4K UHD.
2. Type-B(Dual HDMI Cable)
The Dual Link HDMI connector is no longer in use. They were first introduced in 2002 to meet the then-current high bandwidth requirements of displays. However, the Type-B HDMI connector was rendered obsolete by the 2006 release of the newer HDMI 1.3 protocol, which fixed the problem of supporting up to 4K @ 30Hz monitors and TVs with only the Standard Type-A connector.
This connector type hasn’t made a reappearance since the HDMI interface is getting better and better, and because the Type-B connector and port were simply too large for portable devices.
3. Type-C(Mini HDMI Cable)
Type C micro HDMI connectors are a smaller, more compact variant of type A, and they are frequently seen on many different types of portable devices, such as DSLR cameras, camcorders, bigger tablets, and sat navs. The size of a Type C tiny HDMI plug is 10.42 mm x 2.42 mm.
The whole capability of the conventional type A version is shared by mini HDMI connectors, which are smaller versions of their even smaller relative, the micro HDMI connector. As with the micro version, cables for the HDMI small format are often offered with a mini type C plug at one end and a regular type A socket at the other, though there are other devices available with mini and/or micro connectors at both ends if necessary.
4. Type-D(Micro HDMI Cable)
The smaller Type D HDMI connectors are known as mini versions. Although they are smaller than both regular and mini HDMI connectors, they still use the 19-pin arrangement (albeit in a slightly different layout due to the size constraints of the microformat).
This can be found on a variety of small, portable recording and AV devices, the GoPro being the most well-known.
Smaller than a micro-USB connector overall and smaller than a type A plug or socket, type D micro HDMI connectors have dimensions of just 5.83 mm by 2.20 mm. Specifically for audio-video communication in tiny, extremely portable devices like mobile phones, Type D was designed.
5. Type-E(Automotive Connection System)
It is designed to be applied in areas that are prone to shocks and vibrations. This connector type is exceedingly specialized and quite uncommon.
Automobiles and other commercial applications go under this. A locking latch and a casing to keep out dirt and moisture are included in order to prevent it from coming loose. Additionally, there is a relay connector available for attaching common consumer cables to automotive ones and providing an interface to consumer AV devices, which is happening more frequently.
Female And Male HDMI Connectors
Typically, HDMI female connectors are incorporated into the signal source and receiver devices as sockets for a male-end cable to attach to. The most typical configuration involves simultaneously inserting a cable with two male ends into two female sockets to provide direct wired contact between the source and display devices.
Female HDMI connectors tend to be more prone to deforming under high strain than male connectors since they are typically recessed into the bodies of TVs, game consoles, projectors, laptops, and monitors. As a result, they are more frequently available as standalone replacement parts. Contrarily, male HDMI connections are typically provided as fixed components at either end of nearly every commercially available HDMI cable.
As a result, in many cases, replacing a damaged male connector merely requires purchasing a new cable, which is often simpler and less expensive. This isn’t always possible, though, as some premium HDMI cables may be pricey (especially the longer, tougher varieties). In many situations, it can be much less expensive simply to wire in a new male connector rather than replace the entire cable length.
Additionally, a lot of people like to run HDMI cables between floors of a building or behind walls, and if someone were to stomp on one of the male connectors and damage it, it might be difficult to remove and re-lay these wires. Because of this, the majority of trustworthy vendors who carry female HDMI connectors also stock a variety of male components that are functionally similar.
Straight & Right Angled HDMI Connectors
The most apparent connector format is one where the cable from the free connector extends outwards from the connection when it is plugged into the receptacle. Although it can take a little room for the cable to bend to the direction it needs to be routed, this is acceptable for the majority of applications.
In rare circumstances, an extremely sharp bend may be required. The bend might need to be too acute for the HDMI cable to handle. The HDMI connector and cable could get unduly stressed as a result of this. Straight lines Wherever equipment may be close to a wall, a panel within a cabinet, etc., HDMI hookups are quite helpful. It won’t be necessary for the cable exiting the connector to make a particularly severe bend in order for it to pass through the space between the equipment and the cable, which will go side by side.
Right-angled adaptors are available if an HDMI cable with a right-angle connection is not readily available. Although they provide a second connection to the wiring and are not as secure as a single HDMI connector, these can be utilized in the short term to fix a problem and are normally not recommended until absolutely essential.
HDMI Adapter Cables
In addition to that, HDMI cables can also have various connectors on each end. These types of HDMI cables are also known as extenders or adaptor cables. HDMI cables with various HDMI connector types, such as HDMI Type-A to HDMI Type-C cables, are available. There are HDMI cables available that can change the HDMI interface to another interface, like HDMI-DVI.
HDMI Cable Types In Terms Of Performance
The performance category is the second classification method for HDMI cables. In essence, there are various HDMI cable models that are compatible with various HDMI port models. You need to be aware of the fact that HDMI is a constantly changing interface in order to comprehend this idea. Higher bandwidth is offered by newer HDMI versions. In other words, they can support panels with the newest high resolution and refresh rate specifications, such as 8K resolution and 120Hz screens.
The various HDMI versions are described in the table below. The newest version of HDMI is 2.1. Up to 10K resolution at 120Hz can be supported by ports that comply with this version.
|HDMI Version||Max Resolution||Max Refresh Rate||Max Bandwidth|
|HDMI 1.0||1080p||1080p @ 60 Hz||4.95||3.96||No||* 8 Audio Channels|
|HDMI 1.1/1.2||1440p||1440p @ 30 Hz||4.95||3.96||No||* 8 Audio Channels|
* Super Audio CDs
|HDMI 1.3/1.4||4096 x 2160 (4K)||* 120 Hz @ FHD Resolution|
* 30 Hz @ 4k Resolution
* 24 Hz @ 4k Resolution
|10.2||8.16||No||* 8 Audio Channels|
* Dolby TrueHD
|HDMI 2.0||4096 x 2160 (4K)||60 Hz @ 4K Resolution||18|
|Yes||* 32 audio channels,|
* Dynamic Resolution Adaptation (DRA)
* High-Efficiency Advanced Audio Coding (HE-AAC)
|HDMI 2.1||Upto 10240 x 4320 (10K)||Upto 120Hz @ 10K||48||42.67||Yes||* 32 audio channels|
Now, you need an HDMI cable that is more durable than the newer HDMI interface version. Thus, not all HDMI cables are created equal. As a result, there are four different kinds of HDMI cables dependent on how they operate.
- Standard HDMI
- High Speed
- Premium High Speed
- Ultra High Speed
According to their performance category, the following table lists the many varieties of HDMI cables.
|Max Data Rate|
|Specs Supported||Best Port|
|Standard||4.95 Gb/s||720 or 1080P @ 60Hz||< 1.4|
|High Speed||10.2 Gb/s||FHD @ 60Hz|
QHD @ 60Hz
4K @ 30Hz
|Premium High Speed||18 Gb/s||4k @ 60Hz||2.0|
|Ultra High Speed||48 Gb/s||4K @ 60Hz|
8K @ 120Hz
10K @ 120hz
Therefore, any HDMI connection can handle the majority of full HD TVs and monitors at a refresh rate of 60Hz. A Premium High-Speed cable is required to handle 4K At 60Hz over the HDMI 2.0 ports. You’ll need an Ultra High-Speed cable and HDMI 2.1 ports to enable resolutions of more than 4K and refresh rates greater than 60Hz. An Ultra High-Speed cable and a Standard HDMI cable have identical physical appearances. The connector types on Ultra High Speed or Premium High-Speed cables are identical to those on a regular HDMI cable.
Also, keep in mind that these cables may also be referred to as:
- Standard HDMI or HDMI 1.4 cable
- High Speed aka HDMI 1.4 cable
- Premium High Speed aka HDMI 2.0 cable
- Ultra High Speed aka HDMI 2.1 cable
Conclusion On How Many Types Of HDMI Cables Are There?
In this article, I comprehensively talked about how many types of HDMI cables are there. Once more, the connector type AND performance rating of HDMI cables are used to identify them.
With today’s HDMI connectors, a wide range of contemporary entertainment and communications devices can transport very high-quality, high-bandwidth audio-video data. If the proper adaptor is used, they can also offer a handy link-up between devices that lack equivalent HDMI ports because of their engineered backward compatibility with earlier audio-video transfer standards.
If you have any questions concerning HDMI cables and connections, don’t hesitate to contact a member of our knowledgeable support staff.
If you have any queries, feel free to drop a comment below.
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